Pengelompokan jenis kayu

Indahnya hidup di Indonesia, negeri yang makmur penuh dengan pepohonan dan sangat kaya akan jenis tumbuhan.Menurut info dari departemen kehutanan diperkirakan 25.000 jenis tumbuhan berbunga atau berbiji menghuni tersebar di sekitar 17.000 pulau nusantara.nah dari jumlah itu ada sekira 4000 jenis pohon yang kayunya bisa dimanfaatin,tapi umumnya hanya 400 jenis saja yang dikenal masyarakat dikarenakan jumlahnya yang banyak,kayunya bagus,gampang dapetinnya,dan kalo dijual bisa laku harga tinggi.sehingga untuk kemudahan dalam perdagangan Departemen Kehutanan (DepHut) mengelompokkan kayu2 yang bisa diperdagangkan tersebut jadi 186 nama jenis kayu perdagangan.padahal dalam fakta di masyarakat satu kayu saja bisa punya banyak nama misal kayu Agathis Orang Sulawesi menyebutnya Kayu Dama,orang jawa bilangnya Kayu Damar,Orang Sumatera Bilangnya sih Kayu Damar Sigi dan lain lagi Orang Kalimantan malah bilang itu kayu Damar Bindang (nah pusing kan???)

Bisa dibayangkan jika kita jauh2 naik pesawat dari surabaya ke kalimantan (niat mo cari kayu) pas nyampek Berau Kaltim malah diketawain orang gara2 mo beli kayu tapi gak tau namanya (lah piye toh mas…wong dijawa namanya itu koq?) wakakaka… biar gak lupa-lupa ingat, mari kita ingat2 lagi nama2 jenis kayu baik nama perdangangan,nama daerahnya plus nama international atao nama ilmiahya,let’s cekidot :

Lampiran Keputusan Menteri Kehutanan

Nomor : 163/Kpts-II/2003

Tanggal : 26 Mei 2003

Tentang : Pengelompokan Jenis Kayu Sebagai Dasar Pengenaan Iuran Kehutanan

I.Kelompok Jenis Meranti/ Kelompok Komersial Satu

No. Nama Perdagangan Nama Daerah Nama Ilmiah
1.

Agathis

Dama (Sulawesi), Damar (Jawa), Damar
Sigi (Sumatera), Damar Bindang (Kalimantan)

(Agathis spp)

2.

B a l a u

Damar Laut,
Semantok (Aceh ), Selangan Batu, Anggelam, Amperok

(Shorea spp;
Parashorea spp)

3.

Balau Merah

Balau laut,
Batu tuyang, Damar laut merah, Putang, Lempung abang

(Shorea spp)

4.

Bangkirai

Benuas, Balau mata
kucing, Hulo dereh, Kerangan, Puguh, Jangkang putih

(Shorea

laevis Ridl); (Shorea
laevifolia
Endert); (Hopea spp); Shorea kunstleri

5.

D a m a r

Damar

(Araucaria spp)

6.

Durian

Durian
burung, Lahong, Layung, Apun, Begurah, Punggai, Durian hantu, Enggang

(Durio
carinatus Mast); (Durio spp, Coelostegia spp)

7.

G i a

Delingsem,
Kayu batu, Melunas, Kayu kerbau, Momala

(Homalium
tomentosum (Roxb) Benth, Homalium Foetidum (Roxb) Benth)

8.

G i a m

Resak batu,
Resak gunung

(Cotylelobium spp)

9.

Jelutung

Pulai nasi,
Pantung gunung, Melabuai

(Dyera spp)

10.

K a p u r

Kamper, Ky.
kayatan, Empedu, Keladan

(Dryobalanops spp)

11.

Kapur Petanang

Kapur Guras

(Dryobalanops
oblongifolia Dyer)

12.

Kenari

Kerantai, Ki
tuwak, Binjau, Asam-asam, Kedondong, Resung, Bayung, Ranggorai, Mertukul

(Canarium
spp, Dacryodes spp, Trioma

spp, Santiria spp)

13.

Keruing

Tempuran,
Lagan, Merkurang, Kawang, Apitong, Tempudau

(Dipterocarpus spp)

14.

K u l i m

Kayu bawang
hutan

(Scorodocarpus
borneensis Becc)

15.

Malapari

Malapari

(Pongamia
Pinnata (L) Pierre)

16.

Matoa

Kasai, Taun,
Kungki, Hatobu, K. sapi (Jawa), Tawan (Maluku), Ihi mendek (Irian Jaya)

(Pometia spp)

17.

Medang

Sintuk,
Sintok lancing, KitTeja, Ki tuha, Ki sereh, Selasihan

(Cinnamomum spp)

18.

Meranti Kuning

Damar tanduk,
Damar buah, Damar hitam, Damar kelepek

Shorea
acuminatissima Sym, Shorea
balanocarpoides
Sym, Shorea faguetiana Heim, Shorea

Scollaris, V. Sloot; Shorea gibbosa Brandis

19.

Meranti Merah

Banio, Seraya
merah, Kontoy bayor, Campaga, Lempong, Kumbang, Majau, Meranti ketuko,
Ketrahan, Ketir, Cupang

(Shorea
Palembanica Miq, Shorea
lepidota
BI, Shorea ovalis BI, Shorea Johorensis

Foxw, Shorea leptoclados Sym, Shorea leprosula
Miq) (Shorea Platyclados sloot. Ex foxw.)

20.

Meranti Putih

Baong, Baung,
Kebaong, Belobungo, Bayong
(Sumatera, Kalimantan), Damar kaca, Damar kucing, Kikir, Udang, Udang
ulang, Damar hutan, Anggelam tikus, Kontoi tembaga, Maharam potong, Damar
mata kucing, Bunyau, Pongin, Awan punuk, Mehing (Sumatera, Kalimantan),
Damar tenang putih, Honi (Maluku), Damar lari-lari, Temungku (Sulawesi),
Lalari, Tambia putih (Sulawesi), Hili  (Maluku)

(Shorea
Virescens Parijs), Shorea

retionodes V.SI), (Shorea Javanica K. et. Val), (Shorea
bracteolata Dyer), (Shorea ochracea Sym),(Shorea

lamellata Foxw), (Shorea assamica Dyer), (Shorea
koordesii Brandis )

21.

Merawan

Ngerawan,
Cengal, Amang besi, Cengal balaw, Emang, Tekam

(Hopea spp);
Hopea dyeri; (Hopea sangal Kort)

22.

Merbau

Anglai, Ipil,
Tanduk (Maluku), Kayu besi (Papua), Maharan (Sumatera)

(Intsia spp)

23.

Mersawa

Damar kunyit,
Masegar, Ketimpun, Tabok, Tahan, Cengal padi

(Anisoptera spp)

24.

Nyatoh

Suntai,
Balam, Jongkong, Hangkang, Katingan, Mayang batu, Bunut, Kedang,
Bakalaung, Ketiau, Jengkot, Kolan

(Palaquium spp);
(Payena spp, Madhuca spp)

25.

Palapi

Mengkulang,
Teraling, Dungun, Talutung, Lesi-Lesi.

Heritiera (Tarrietia spp)

26.

Penjalin

Rempelas, Ki
jeungkil, Ki endog (Sunda), Cengkek (Jawa), Pusu (Sumbawa)

(Celtis spp)

27.

Perupuk

Kerupuk,
Pasana, Aras, Mandalaksa

(Lophopetalum spp)

28.

Pinang

Melunak, Ki
sigeung, Kelembing, Ki sinduk

(Pentace spp)

29

P u l a i

Kayu gabus,
Rita, Gitoh, Bintau, Basung, Pule, Pulai miang

(Alstonia spp)

30.

Rasamala

Tulasan
(Sumatera), Mala (Jawa), Mandung (Mnkb)

(Altingia

excelsa Noronha)

31.

R e s a k

Damar along, Resak
putih

(Vatica spp)

II. Kelompok Jenis Kayu Rimba Campuran/
Kelompok Komersial Dua

No. Nama Perdagangan Nama Daerah Nama Ilmiah
1.

B a k a u

Tumu, Lenggadai,
Jangkar, Tanjang,
Putut, Busing, Mata buaya

(Rhizophora spp dan
Bruguiera spp)

2.

B a y u r

Walang, Wayu, Balang, Wadang

(Pterospermum spp)

3.

Benuang

Benuang bini, Winuang

(Octomeles

sumatrana Miq)

4.

Berumbung

Kayu lobang, Barumbung, Kayu gatal

(Adina
minutiflora Val); Pertusadina

spp

5.

Bintangur

Bunoh, Nyamplung, Penaga

(Calophyllum spp)

6.

B i p a

Kayu wipa

(Pterygota spp)

7.

B o w o i

Rayango, Merang, Terangkuse

Serianthes
minahassae Merr &
Perry (Syn Albizia minahasae Koord)

8.

B u g i s

Grepau

(Koordersiodendron
pinnatum Merr)

9.

Cenge

Cenge, Cingo

(Mastixia
tostrata BI)

10.

Duabanga

Benuang laki, Takir, Aras

(Duabanga
moluccana BI)

11.

Ekaliptus

Ampupu (Sulawesi), Aren (Maluku),
Leda, Tampai, Kayu putih

(Eucalyptus spp)

12.

G e l a m

Kayu putih

(Melaleuca spp)

13.

Gempol

Wosen, Klepu pasir, Anggrit

(Nauclea spp)

14.

Gopasa

Teraut, Laban

(Vitex spp)

15.

Gerunggang/ Derum

Madang baro, Adat, Temau, Mampat,
Butun, Kemutul

(Cratoxylum spp)

16.

J a b o n

Kelampayan, Laran, Semama

(Anthocephalus spp)

17.

Jambu-jambu

Kelat, Ki tembaga, Jambu

(Eugenia spp)

18.

Kapas-kapasan

Hapas-hapas, Tapa-tapa, Leman

(Exbucklandia
populnea R. Brown)

19.

Kayu kereta

Rengas sumpung, Merpauh, Bagel mirah

(Swintonia spp)

20.

Kecapi

Papung, Kelam, Sentul

(Sandoricum spp)

21.

Kedondong Hutan

Coco, Kacemcem, Leuweung

(Spondias spp)

22.

Kelumpang

Kepuh, Kalupat, Lomes

(Sterculia spp)

23.

Kembang semangkok

Merpayang, Kepayang

(Scaphium

macropodum J. B)

24.

Kempas

Impas, Tualang ayam, Hampas

(Koompassia

malaccensis Maing)

25.

Kenanga

Kananga

(Cananga sp)

26.

Keranji

Kayu lilin, Maranji

(Dialium spp)

27.

Ketapang

Kalumpit, Jelawai, Jaha, Klumprit

(Terminalia spp)

28.

Ketimunan

Seranai, Temirit, Kayu reen

(Timonius spp)

29.

Lancat

Kundur, Modjiu, Raimagago

(Mastixiodendron spp)

30.

L a r a

Lompopaito, Nani, Langera

(Metrosideros spp dan
Xanthostemon
spp)

31.

Mahang

Merkubung, Mara, Benua

(Macaranga spp)

32.

Medang

Manggah, Huru kacang, Keleban, Wuru,
Kunyit

(Litsea

firma Hook f; Dehaasia spp)

33.

Mempisang

Mahabai, Hakai rawang, Empunyit,
Jangkang, Banitan, Pisang-pisang

(Mezzetia

parviflora Becc); (Xylopia
spp); Alphonsea spp; Kandelia candell Druce

34.

Mendarahan

Tangkalak, Au-au, Ki mokla, Kumpang,
Ky luo, Darah-darah, Huru

Myristica spp,
Knema spp

35.

Menjalin

Lilin, Ki endog,
Segi landak

(Xanthophyllum spp)

36.

Mentibu

Jongkong,
Merebung

(Dactylocladus

stenostachys Oliv)

37.

Merambung

Merambung

(Vernonia

arborea Han)

38.

P u n a k

Kayu malaka,
Cerega

(Tetramerista

glabra Miq)

39.

P u s p a

Sinar telu, Madang getah, Seru

(Schima spp)

40.

Rengas

Rengas
tembaga, Rangas

(Gluta
aptera (King) Ding Hou

41.

Saninten

Sarangan,
Kalimorot, Ki hiur

(Castanopsis
argentea A. DC)

42.

Sengon

Jeungjing,
Tawa kase, Sika (Maluku)

(Paraserianthes
falcataria (L) Nielsen Syn)

43.

S e p a t

Waru gunung,
Kalong

(Berrya
cordofolia Roxb)

44.

Sesendok

Kayu bulan,
Sendok-sendok, Kayu raja, Garung, Kayu labu

(Endospermum

spp)

45.

Simpur

Sempur,
Segel, Janti, Dongi

(Dillenia
spp)

46.

Surian

Kalantas,
Suren

(Toona
sureni Merr)

47.

Tembesu

Tomasu,
Kulaki, Malbira, Kitandu

(Fragraea
spp)

48.

Tempinis

Damuli, Kayu
besi

(Sloetia
elongata Kds)

49.

T e p i s

Banitan,
Pemelesian, Kayu tinyang, Kayu bulan, Banet, Kayu kalet

(Polyalthia

glauca Boerl)

50.

Tenggayun

Buku ongko,
Pejatai, Purut bulu

(Parartocarpus
spp)

51.

T e r a p

Tara,
Cempedak, Kulur, Teureup

(Artocarpus
spp)

52.

Terentang

Tumbus, Pauh
lebi

(Campnosperma
spp)

53.

Terentang
ayam

Pauhan,
Antumbus, Talantang

(Buchanania
spp)

54.

T u s a m

Pinus, Damar
batu, Uyam

(Pinus
spp)

55.

U t u p

U t u p

(Aromadendron
sp)

III.
Kelompok Jenis Kayu Eboni/ Kelompok Indah Satu

No.

Nama
Perdagangan

Nama Daerah

Nama Ilmiah

1.

Eboni Bergaris

Maitong, Kayu lotong, Sora, Amara

(Diospyros celebica Bakh)

2.

Eboni Hitam

Kayu hitam, Maitem, Kayu waled

(Diospyros rumphii Bakh)

3.

E b o n i

Baniak, Toli-toli, Kayu arang, Kanara,
Gito-gito, Bengkoal, Malam

(Diospyros spp D. ebenum
Koen, D. ferrea Bakh, D. lolin Bakh, D. macrophylla

BI, D. cauliflora BI, D. areolata King et G)

IV. Kelompok Jenis Kayu Indah/
Kelompok Indah Dua

No. Nama Perdagangan Nama Daerah Nama Ilmiah
1.

Bongin

Pauh kijang,
Sepah, Kayu batu

(Irvingia
malayana Oliv)

2.

Bungur

Wungu,
Tekuyung, Benger, Ketangi

(Lagerstroemia
speciosa Pers)

3.

Cempaka

Minjaran,
Wasian, Manglid, Sitekwok, Kantil, Capuka

(Michelia
spp, Elmerrillia spp Dandy)

4.

Cendana

Kayu kuning,
Lemo daru

(Santalum
album L)

5.

D a h u

Dao,
Sengkuang, Basuong, Koili

(Dracontomelon spp)

6.

J o h a r

Juar,
Trenggguli, Sebusuk, Bobondelan

(Cassia spp)

7.

K u k u

Kayu laut,
Papus, Nani laut

(Pericopsis
mooniana Thw)

8.

Kupang

Kayu ruan,
Saga

(Ormosia
spp)

9.

L a s i

Adina, Kilaki

(Adinauclea
fagifolia Ridsd)

10.

Mahoni

Mahoni

(Swietenia
spp)

11.

M e l u r

Sampinur
tali, Jamuju, Ki merah, Cematan, Alau, Kayu embun, Kayu cina, Sandu,
Sampinur bunga

(Dacrydium

junghuhnii Miq); (Podocarpus spp); (Dacrydium spp)

12.

Membacang

Limus piit,
Ambacang, Wani, Mempelam, Asam. Mangga

(Mangifera spp)

13.

M i n d i

Bawang kungut

(Melia

spp)

14.

Nyirih

Nyireh, Niri

(Xylocarpus
granatum j. Konig)

15.

Pasang

Mempening,
Baturua, Kasunu, Triti

(Quercus
spp)

16.

Perepat Darat

Marapat,
Teruntum batu

(Combretocarpus
rotundatus Dans)

17.

Raja Bunga

Segawe,
Klenderi, Saga

(Adenanthera spp)

18.

Rengas

Ingas, Suloh,
Rangas, Rengas burung

(Gluta

spp); (Melanorrhoea spp)

19.

R a m i n

Gaharu buaya,
Medang keladi, Keladi, Miang

(Gonystylus

bancanus Kurz)

20.

Sawo kecik

Subo, Ki sawo

(Manilkara spp)

21.

Salimuli

Kendal,
Klimasada, Purnamasada

(Cordia spp)

22.

Sindur

Sepetir,
Sasumdur, Mobingo

(Sindora spp)

23.

Sonokembang

Angsana,
Linggua, Nala, Candana

(Pterocarpus

indicus Willd)

24.

Sonokeling

Linggota,
Sono sungu, Sonobrits

(Dalbergia
latifolia Roxb)

25.

Sungkai

Jati
seberang, Jati londo

(Peronema
canescens Jack)

26.

Tanjung

Sawo manuk,
Karikis

(Mimusops
elengi L.)

27.

T a p  o
s

Kelampai,
Setan, Kedui, Wayang

(Elateriospermum
tapos BI)

28.

Tinjau
Belukar

Lontar kuning

(Pteleocarpus
lampongus Bakh)

29.

T o r e m

Sawai, Torem

(Manikara
kanosiensis H.j. L. et B. M.)

30.

Trembesi

Ki hujan

(Samanea
saman Merr)

31.

U l i n

Kayu besi,
Bulian, Kokon

(Eusideroxylon
zwageri T.et.b.)

32.

W e r u

Beru, Ki
hiyang, Bengkal

(Albizia
procera Benth)

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